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Rabbit Anti-Raf1 antibody (bs-1703R)
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说明书: 50ul  100ul  200ul
50ul/780.00元
100ul/1380.00元
200ul/2200.00元
大包装/询价

产品编号 bs-1703R
英文名称 Raf1
中文名称 癌基因c-Raf抗体
别    名 Raf1; c Raf; C-raf; Craf 1 transforming gene; cRaf; cRaf; Craf1 transforming gene; EC 2.7.11.1; Murine sarcoma 3611 oncogene 1; NS5; Oncogene MIL; Oncogene RAF1; OTTHUMP00000160218; OTTHUMP00000207813; OTTHUMP00000209389; Proto-oncogene c-RAF; Raf 1; Raf-1; RAF; Raf proto oncogene serine/threonine protein kinase; RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase; RAF-1; RAF1_HUMAN; TRANSFORMING REPLICATION-DEFECTIVE MURINE RETROVIRUS 3611-MSV; v raf 1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1; v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog 1; vraf1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1.   
Specific References  (1)     |     bs-1703R has been referenced in 1 publications.
[IF=3.33] Wang, Jianping, et al. "Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cell Transplantation Promotes Therapeutic Angiogenesis via Upregulation of the VEGF-VEGFR2 Signaling Pathway in a Rat Model of Vascular Dementia." Behavioural Brain Research (2014).  WB ;  Rat.  
规格价格 50ul/780元 购买    100ul/1380元 购买    200ul/2200元 购买    大包装/询价
说 明 书 50ul  100ul  200ul
研究领域 肿瘤  细胞生物  信号转导  新陈代谢  线粒体  
抗体来源 Rabbit
克隆类型 Polyclonal
交叉反应 Human, Mouse, Rat, Dog, Cow, Horse, Rabbit, 
产品应用 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:400-800 IHC-F=1:400-800 IF=1:100-500 (石蜡切片需做抗原修复)
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
分 子 量 73kDa
细胞定位 细胞核 细胞浆 细胞膜 线粒体
性    状 Lyophilized or Liquid
浓    度 1mg/ml
免 疫 原 KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human c Raf:31-130/648 
亚    型 IgG
纯化方法 affinity purified by Protein A
储 存 液 0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.
保存条件 Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.
PubMed PubMed
产品介绍 background:
cRaf/Raf1 (RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase) involved in the transduction of mitogenic signals from the cell membrane to the nucleus. Part of the Ras-dependent signaling pathway from receptors to the nucleus. Protects cells from apoptosis mediated by STK3. The Raf family is comprised of three members (aRaf, bRaf, and cRaf) that play a critical role in regulating cell growth and differentiation, and couple growth factor receptor stimulation to nuclear transcription factors via the Ras/mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. cRaf kinase is a small GTPase like kinase of 73 kDa, and is a signal transducer of multiple extracellular stimuli that is regulated by several pathways, and that once activated, phosphorylates MEK which in turn phosphorylates ERK. Raf1 is involved in the transduction of mitogenic signals from the cell membrane to the nucleus. It is part of the Ras dependent signaling pathway from receptors to the nucleus.

Function:
Serine/threonine-protein kinase that acts as a regulatory link between the membrane-associated Ras GTPases and the MAPK/ERK cascade, and this critical regulatory link functions as a switch determining cell fate decisions including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, survival and oncogenic transformation. RAF1 activation initiates a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade that comprises a sequential phosphorylation of the dual-specific MAPK kinases (MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2) and the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (MAPK3/ERK1 and MAPK1/ERK2). The phosphorylated form of RAF1 (on residues Ser-338 and Ser-339, by PAK1) phosphorylates BAD/Bcl2-antagonist of cell death at 'Ser-75'. Phosphorylates adenylyl cyclases: ADCY2, ADCY5 and ADCY6, resulting in their activation. Phosphorylates PPP1R12A resulting in inhibition of the phosphatase activity. Phosphorylates TNNT2/cardiac muscle troponin T. Can promote NF-kB activation and inhibit signal transducers involved in motility (ROCK2), apoptosis (MAP3K5/ASK1 and STK3/MST2), proliferation and angiogenesis (RB1). Can protect cells from apoptosis also by translocating to the mitochondria where it binds BCL2 and displaces BAD/Bcl2-antagonist of cell death. Regulates Rho signaling and migration, and is required for normal wound healing. Plays a role in the oncogenic transformation of epithelial cells via repression of the TJ protein, occludin (OCLN) by inducing the up-regulation of a transcriptional repressor SNAI2/SLUG, which induces down-regulation of OCLN. Restricts caspase activation in response to selected stimuli, notably Fas stimulation, pathogen-mediated macrophage apoptosis, and erythroid differentiation.

Subunit:
Monomer. Homodimer. Heterodimerizes with BRAF and this heterodimer possesses a highly increased kinase activity compared to the respective homodimers or monomers. Heterodimerization is mitogen-regulated and enhanced by 14-3-3 proteins. MAPK1/ERK2 activation can induce a negative feedback that promotes the dissociation of the heterodimer. Forms a multiprotein complex with Ras (M-Ras/MRAS), SHOC2 and protein phosphatase 1 (PPP1CA, PPP1CB and PPP1CC). Interacts with Ras proteins; the interaction is antagonized by RIN1. Weakly interacts with RIT1. Interacts (via N-terminus) with RGS14 (via RBD domains); the interaction mediates the formation of a ternary complex with BRAF, a ternary complex inhibited by GNAI1 (By similarity). Interacts with STK3/MST2; the interaction inhibits its pro-apoptotic activity. Interacts (when phosphorylated at Ser-259) with YWHAZ (unphosphorylated at 'Thr-232'). Interacts with MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2 (By similarity). Interacts with MAP3K5/ASF1 (via N-terminus) and this interaction inhibits the proapoptotic function of MAP3K5/ASK1. Interacts with PAK1 (via kinase domain). The phosphorylated form interacts with PIN1. The Ser-338 and Ser-339 phosphorylated form (by PAK1) interacts with BCL2. Interacts with PEBP1/RKIP and this interaction is enhanced if RAF1 is phosphorylated on residues Ser-338, Ser-339, Tyr-340 and Tyr-341. Interacts with ADCY2, ADCY5, ADCY6, DGKH, RCAN1/DSCR1, ROCK2, PPP1R12A, PKB/AKT1, PPP2CA, PPP2R1B, SPRY2, SPRY4, CNKSR1/CNK1, KSR2 and PHB/prohibitin. In its active form, interacts with PRMT5.

Subcellular Location:
Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Mitochondrion. Nucleus. Note=Colocalizes with RGS14 and BRAF in both the cytoplasm and membranes. Phosphorylation at Ser-259 impairs its membrane accumulation. Recruited to the cell membrane by the active Ras protein. Phosphorylation at Ser-338 and Ser-339 by PAK1 is required for its mitochondrial localization. Retinoic acid-induced Ser-621 phosphorylated form of RAF1 is predominantly localized at the nucleus.

Tissue Specificity:
In skeletal muscle, isoform 1 is more abundant than isoform 2.

Post-translational modifications:
Phosphorylation at Thr-269, Ser-338, Tyr-341, Thr-491 and Ser-494 results in its activation. Phosphorylation at Ser-29, Ser-43, Ser-289, Ser-296, Ser-301 and Ser-642 by MAPK1/ERK2 results in its inactivation. Phosphorylation at Ser-259 induces the interaction with YWHAZ and inactivates kinase activity. Dephosphorylation of Ser-259 by the complex containing protein phosphatase 1, SHOC2 and M-Ras/MRAS relieves inactivation, leading to stimulate RAF1 activity. Phosphorylation at Ser-338 by PAK1 and PAK7/PAK5 and Ser-339 by PAK1 is required for its mitochondrial localization. Phosphorylation at Ser-621 in response to growth factor treatment stabilizes the protein, possibly by preventing proteasomal degradation. Phosphorylation at Ser-289, Ser-296, Ser-301, Ser-338 and Ser-621 are somehow linked to the methylation potential of cells. Treatment of cells with HGF in the presence of the methylation inhibitor 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) results in increased phosphorylation at Ser-338 and Ser-621 and decreased phosphorylation at Ser-296, Ser-301 and Ser-338.
Methylated at Arg-563 in response to EGF treatment. This modification leads to destabilization of the protein, possibly through proteasomal degradation.

DISEASE:
Noonan syndrome 5 (NS5) [MIM:611553]: A syndrome characterized by facial dysmorphic features such as hypertelorism, a downward eyeslant and low-set posteriorly rotated ears. Other features can include short stature, a short neck with webbing or redundancy of skin, cardiac anomalies, deafness, motor delay and variable intellectual deficits. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
LEOPARD syndrome 2 (LEOPARD2) [MIM:611554]: A disorder characterized by lentigines, electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities, ocular hypertelorism, pulmonic stenosis, abnormalities of genitalia, retardation of growth, and sensorineural deafness. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Similarity:
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. TKL Ser/Thr protein kinase family. RAF subfamily.
Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Contains 1 RBD (Ras-binding) domain.

SWISS:
P04049

Gene ID:
5894

Database links:

Entrez Gene: 5894 Human

Entrez Gene: 110157 Mouse

Entrez Gene: 24703 Rat

Omim: 164760 Human

SwissProt: P04049 Human

SwissProt: Q99N57 Mouse

SwissProt: P11345 Rat

Unigene: 159130 Human

Unigene: 184163 Mouse

Unigene: 33262 Rat



Important Note:
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.

Raf-1(c-Raf)是一种涉及促有丝分裂信号从细胞膜传导到核的蛋白激酶。Raf-1被结合GTP的Ras所征募并与之结合,活化MEK-MAP激酶通路。Raf-1在哺乳动物中通过多个位点的快速高度磷酸化而被活化。
产品图片
Images provided the Independent Validation Program (badge number 29651)Formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded human colon labeled with Rabbit Anti-c-Raf/Raf1 Polyclonal Antibody (bs-1703R) at 1:250 overnight at room temperature followed by conjugation to secondary antibody.
Tissue/cell: human gastric carcinoma; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-Raf1 Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-1703R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
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